Neo-Natal Period (1- 14 days)
-New born puppies are born helpless and completely dependent on their dams.
-New borns respond only to touch, warmth, and smell of their dams.
- New borns cannot regulate their body temperature and elimination.
-New borns start out with a 94-96 degree F temp and build toward a normal canine temp of 101-102 over the next two weeks of life.
- This is when most of the Bio-sensory is done on each pup.

Transitional Period (14- 21 days)
- eyes start to open and ends when puppies first startles on hearing a noise.
- rapid development of motor skills, body eliminates on its own and development of usable vision (by 18-21 days)
-emergence of teeth, pups move around alot more, can now move forward and backward - begins to walk instead of crawl.
- start to lap liquids, leave nest to eliminate. (This is when we start paper training.)

Awareness or Identification Period (21-28 days)
- first time puppies have use of all their senses - stable environment and dam are important at this time.
- sight and hearing are well developed. Variety of noise, sights should be a part of their daily lives.
- this is when the exposure to load noises should take place during the 3rd week of life when fear has not developed yet.
- Puppies learn how they are dogs. recognizing their mother (filial Imprinting) recognizing other species (fraternal imprinting) and sexual imprinting) - survival of their species.
- Puppies begin "play fighting" during this week, establish a loose pecking order, barking increases.

Second Awareness/Identification Week (28-35 days)
- play behavior becomes more sophisticated, growling, chasing, and kill games.
- Puppies should be eating real food well by now, most bitches/and or breeders will wean the litter.
-puppies need mental and physical challenges, things to move, chew on, climb on, and carry. and tug on toy to share with litter mates.

Socialization Period (5 - 16 weeks)
- Socialization does two things - it reduces the number of things in the world that a puppy might be frightened of and it provides the experience of first being afraid and then recovering.
- puppies must be exposed to smells, textures, surfaces, sounds, vibrations, tastes, and sights. including a variety of people.

Curiosity Period (4-6 weeks)
- weaning from the dams should be complete
- puppies have the lowest fear and highest approach acceptance now
- "gentling process"- Puppies will start housebreaking at this time if taken outside regularly.
- time for trips out side the house, first baths, grooming, table stacking, different animal smells,water intro.

Behavioral Refinement Period (6-8 weeks)
-6-7 weeks puppies have fully functioning brains, capable of learning anything, keeping account their short attention spans
- best time for puppies to go to their new homes
- 8 week old puppy is the miniature of what it will be as an adult.
- puppies go through many changes at this time, bonding wit their owners and learning to survive.
- important to teach puppies boundaries and the rules of their new life.

Fear Imprint/Impact Period (8-11 weeks)
- Puppies have no fear until about the 5th week of life.
- puppies will begin a time of much more caution
- It may be fearful of loud noises, sudden movements , strangers, discipline from other dogs or humans, etc.
- it may take weeks to return to normal if frightened during this fear period.
- most agree this is the wrong time for ear cropping, or traumatic visits to the vet, harsh discipline.

Environmental Awareness Period(9-12 weeks)
- puppies still have short attention spans, but start to learn the right behaviors for the right home
- big improvements in motor skills, pay more attention to their humans
- busy learning about their new world
- if left with their litter mates at this age they will bond with them instead of with their owner
- behavior can be shaped very differently at this time

The big day is finally here! You have been waiting for weeks to bring your bundle of joy home! You've read this whole web site over from beginning to end (I hope). You've bought crates, toys, dishes and food. You have had the fun of all the preparations and NOW the big day is FINALLY here. You arrive at my house, all excited and with a few more questions. We go over the contract and paperwork and then you go home.

First night your puppy is crying ALL night long! The next morning you wake up to a messy crate and your puppy has diarrhea! You are frustrated and wonder what to do or what you did wrong. Then you call me. :) I go over suggestions for you. This is a fairly typical scenario.

So, I decided to write it down on my site to help you and your puppy with the adjustment. So, here goes....

Everything has just changed for your new family member. Your water is different. Your food is different. The people are different. If you have pets, they are different. If you don't have pets, that is also different. Your routine is different. The layout of your house and property is different. Sometimes the climate is different. Your pup is little and as you can imagine, it all may be very confusing and more than a little stressful! So, what does he do? Well the stress may bring on a bout of diarrhea and at night your pup may feel lonely and cry for attention of his mom or litter mates. What can you do?

1. Bring a blanket or towel when you come to pick him up and we will rub that on his mother or litter mates so their scent can go with him and offer some comfort when he is alone at night.

2.Put a mirror alongside his crate. It can fool him into feeling like another dog is right beside him in another crate and keep him company.

3. A warm water bottle under a soft blanket may feel like he is laying next to his mom or another puppy and bring him some comfort.

4. When he is crated have a Kong toy or an empty water bottle...something to entertain him a little.

5. Sometimes covering the crate with a blanket will keep a puppy from crying at night. It seems to give them a cozy feeling of safety.

6. Put a TV where he can see it and either put something like Animal Planet on or a movie such as "8 Below" on for him to watch. They often enjoy watching other animals.

7. Immediately start your pup on some sort of routine. They learn routines easily and appreciate them. It allows them to know what to expect.

8. Play and talk to your new puppy so they begin the bonding process.

9. Sometimes, if your pup won't settle down, put his crate next to your bed where you can dangle your fingers over your bed and into his crate when he is wondering if anyone is there.

10. Expect to let your pup out at least twice during the night for the first few weeks. He cannot hold his bladder all night.

11. Love him and above all things, be patient. This is like bringing a new baby home. Expect some adjustment and maybe a few nights of sleep loss. Possibly arrange your pick up of your pup for a weekend when you don't work, or over a few days vacation where you will be able to focus on your new arrival and get him adjusted and get both of you into a new routine.